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Carcinoma

A rare case of ameloblastic carcinoma

September 18, 2014  |  Michael Yunaev, MBBS; Muzib Abdul-Razak, FRCS(Edin); Hedley Coleman, FFOP(RCPA); Yaroslav Mayorchak, MBBS; Ian Kalnins, FRACS

Abstract

Ameloblastic carcinoma is a rare type of ameloblastoma that has received little mention in the literature. While a number of cases have been published over many years, no institution has been able to produce a substantial case series. Ameloblastic carcinoma originates in the...

Report of a rare case of carcinoma arising in a branchial cyst

September 18, 2014  |  Natarajan Anantharajan, MBBS, MS, MRCS; Nagamuttu Ravindranathan, BDS, MBBS, FRCS(Edin)

Abstract

Primary branchiogenic carcinoma is a rare condition. In fact, most of the cases that were previously reported as such were actually cystic metastases of oropharyngeal carcinomas. We report a true case of primary branchial cleft cyst carcinoma. Our patient was a 42-year-old...

Using a sternocleidomastoid muscle flap to prevent postoperative pharyngocutaneous fistula after total laryngectomy: A study of 88 cases

August 28, 2014  |  Masoud Naghibzadeh, MD; Ramin Zojaji, MD; Nematollah Mokhtari Amir Majdi, MD; Morteza Mazloum Farsi Baf, MD

Abstract

Complications of total laryngectomy can have serious implications for the final outcome of treatment, including pharyngocutaneous fistula. We conducted a retrospective study of surgical techniques to determine how to best prevent or decrease the incidence of pharyngocutaneous...

Meningeal carcinomatosis in undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A case report

July 14, 2014  |  Daniel M. Cushman, MD; German Giese, MD; Panta Rouhani, MD, PhD, MPH

Abstract

Meningeal carcinomatosis is the tumoral invasion of the leptomeninges. It is caused by the spread of malignant cells throughout the subarachnoid space, which produces signs and symptoms due to multifocal involvement. Cranial nerve symptoms are the most common focal findings....

Extensive basal cell carcinoma of the face: An extreme case of denial

June 9, 2014  |  Soroush Zaghi, MD; Pedram Ghasri, MD; Paul Busse, MD, PhD; John Clark, MD; Kevin Emerick, MD

Abstract

Patients with head and neck cancer are particularly susceptible to using denial as a coping mechanism. While some forms of denial may help patients achieve better levels of physical functioning, persistent denial can serve as a major barrier to treatment. We report a case of...

Sebaceous carcinoma of the parotid gland: A case report and review of the literature

June 9, 2014  |  Alexander Manteghi, DO; Seth Zwillenberg, MD; Vivian Arguello-Guerra, MD

Abstract

Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare malignancy primarily affecting the periocular sebaceous glands. Sebaceous carcinoma of the parotid gland is exceedingly rare, with only 30 cases reported in the literature. Our case brings this total to 31. We present a case involving a 57-year-old...

Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as a sphenoid sinus mass and meningeal carcinomatosis

June 9, 2014  |  Hilwati Hashim, MBBCh, MRad; Kartini Rahmat, MBBS, MRad; Yang Faridah Abdul Aziz, MBBS, MRad; Patricia Ann Chandran, MD, MPath

Abstract

We report the case of a 30-year-old woman who was referred to us for evaluation of a 2-week history of fever, headache, vomiting, bilateral ptosis, and blurred vision. Imaging obtained by the referring institution had identified a sphenoid sinus mass and diffuse meningeal...

Metastatic cervical carcinoma from an unknown primary: Literature review

May 8, 2014  |  Rodrigo Arrangoiz, MS, MD; Tom J. Galloway, MD; Pavlos Papavasiliou, MD; John A. Ridge, MD, PhD; Miriam N. Lango, MD

Abstract

Carcinoma of an unknown primary (CUP) encompasses a heterogeneous group of tumors for which no primary site can be detected following a thorough history, physical examination, and noninvasive and invasive testing. CUP presenting with metastasis to the neck (metastatic cervical...

Early detection of nasopharyngeal carcinoma using IgA anti-EBNA1 + VCA-p18 serology assay

March 19, 2014  |  Achmad C. Romdhoni, MD, PhD; Nurul Wiqoyah, MS; Widodo Ario Kentjono, MD, PhD

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common head and neck malignancy in Indonesia. Overall, it ranks fourth in males and sixth in females as the most prevalent type of cancer in that country. The data show that in the year 2011, NPC incidence was considered to be intermediate (6.2/100,000...

Merkel cell carcinoma

March 19, 2014  |  Jeffrey D. Shiffer, MD; Lester D.R. Thompson, MD

The expected 5-year survival rate for patients with Merkel cell carcinoma is more than 80% if the tumor is less than 2 cm and has not metastasized. Once a tumor has metastasized regionally, the 5-year survival rate drops to about 50%.

Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the pinna: Report of a rare case

January 21, 2014  |  Anil Jain, MS; Ashish Katarkar, MS; Pankaj Shah, MS; Jignasa Bhalodia, MD; Sanyogita Jain, MD; Sapna Katarkar, DA

Abstract

Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is rare. We report a case of BSCC in a 60-year-old woman who presented with a bleeding vascular growth on the left pinna. To the best of our knowledge, no case of BSCC of the pinna has been previously reported in the literature. We...

Recurrence of a nasopharyngeal carcinoma manifesting as a cerebellopontine angle mass

December 20, 2013  |  Min Han Kong, MS; Jahendran Jeevanan, MS; Thanabalan Jegan, MS

Abstract

As many as 31% of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma present with intracranial extension. Despite this high percentage, extension to the cerebellopontine angle is rare. The mechanism of tumor spread to the cerebellopontine angle is not completely understood. The most likely...

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