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Anomaly

Case series: Internal jugular vein ectasia in pediatric patients

January 22, 2016  |  Neha A. Patel, MD; Shai Shinhar, MD

Abstract

Jugular vein ectasia is a dilation of the vein without tortuosity. This finding can easily be misdiagnosed or overlooked. Because of its rarity, many pediatricians, otolaryngologists, and pediatric surgeons are unfamiliar with this diagnosis and how to manage it. We report a...

Bone-anchored hearing aid implantation in a patient with Goldenhar syndrome

December 14, 2015  |  Griffin Santarelli, MD; Roberta E. Redfern, PhD; Aaron G. Benson, MD

Abstract

Patients with Goldenhar syndrome exhibit a number of characteristic symptoms, including middle and internal ear malformations that may cause profound hearing loss. Bone-anchored hearing aids have been used to treat these patients in the past, although complications may arise...

An imaging study of the facial nerve canal in congenital aural atresia

October 31, 2015  |  Shouqin Zhao, PhD; Demin Han, PhD; Zhenchang Wang, PhD; Jie Li, MD; Yanni Qian, MD; Yuanyuan Ren, MD; Jiyong Dong, MD

Abstract

We conducted a prospective study to investigate the abnormalities of the facial nerve canal in patients with congenital aural atresia by computed tomography (CT). Our study population was made up of 99 patients-68 males and 31 females, aged 6 to 22 years (mean: 13.5)-who had...

Otolaryngologic manifestations of Noonan syndrome

September 21, 2015  |  Katie Geelan-Hansen, MD; Samantha Anne, MD, MS

Abstract

Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with associated anomalies that include short stature, congenital heart defects, developmental delay, and characteristic facial features among other abnormalities. Articulation deficiency and language delay are often present and...

The incidence of postoperative aspiration among children undergoing supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia

August 27, 2015  |  Lauren C. Anderson de Moreno, MD; Sarah J. Burgin, MD; Bruce H. Matt, MD, MS

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to determine the incidence of aspiration after supraglottoplasty at Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis. We reviewed the charts of 468 patients-281 males and 187 females, aged 2 days to 20 years-who had undergone supraglottoplasty for...

Diplopia: An uncommon presentation of silent sinus syndrome

July 21, 2015  |  Juan Gomez, MD; David Liu, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD; Jeremy Nguyen, MD

The etiology of the disease is based on the primary predisposing factor, which is an obstruction of the ostiomeatal complex that results in hypoventilation of the maxillary sinus gases

Duplication of the right internal jugular vein: A case report

June 5, 2015  |  Srinivasalu Bathala, FRCS(ORL-HNS); Zvoru G. Makura, FRCS(ORL-HNS)

Abstract

We present a case of duplication of the right internal jugular vein (IJV) in a patient who underwent neck dissection as part of the management of carcinoma of the larynx. The patient was a 63-year-old man who presented to the otolaryngology department with a 7-month history of...

Dehiscent high jugular bulb attached to the tympanic membrane

June 5, 2015  |  Hiroshi Sakaida, MD, PhD; Kazuhiko Takeuchi, MD, PhD

The differential diagnosis of high jugular bulb includes cholesterol granuloma, aberrant carotid artery, and tumors such as paraganglioma or schwannoma.

Large Haller cell mucocele leading to maxillary sinusitis

April 28, 2015  |  Jae-Hoon Lee, MD

Paranasal sinus mucoceles are epithelial-lined cystic lesions containing mucus or mucopurulent fluid. Symptoms vary depending on the location of the mucocele.

Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear

February 2, 2015  |  Shubin Chen, MD; Yongxin Li, MD

Abstract

Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear is a rare entity. It is believed to be a developmental abnormality that may be associated with anomalies of adjacent structures. We describe the case of a 6-year-old girl who had a salivary gland choristoma in the middle ear that was...

Arrested development: Lingual thyroid gland

January 19, 2015  |  Mark R. Williams, MRCS(ENT); Vivek Kaushik, FRCS(ORL-HNS)

Most patients with lingual thyroid are asymptomatic and are diagnosed incidentally following a radiologic investigation for another condition of the head and neck.

Management of soft palate agenesis in Nager syndrome with an elongated, superiorly based pharyngeal flap

October 18, 2014  |  Oneida A. Arosarena, MD; Troy Hemme, DO

Abstract

Nager syndrome, or preaxial acrofacial dysostosis, is associated with aberrant development of the first and second branchial arch structures, as well as abnormal development of the limb buds. It is a rare disorder, and its clinical manifestations have not been completely...

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