Fetal rhabdomyoma is not generally considered part of nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. However, a review of the literature revealed five patients with this syndrome who also had fetal rhabdomyomas in various locations. We report the first patient with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome and a fetal rhabdomyoma of the tongue. We recommend that embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma be ruled out to avoid overly aggressive treatment of these patients.
We describe a rare case of pleomorphic adenoma involving the base of the tongue and adjacent valleculae. We also discuss the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of these cases.