Thyroid

Radiotherapy-associated euthyroid Graves ophthalmopathy following floor-of-mouth surgery: A case report

August 31, 2008     James J. Jaber, MD, PhD, Frank J. Thomas, MD, Mathew J. Carfrae, MD, and Lisa T. Galati, MD
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Abstract

The thyroid gland is commonly included in the radiation field during treatment of nonthyroidal neoplastic disease of the head and neck. As a result, thyroid abnormalities sometimes occur following external irradiation. We report an unusual case of radiotherapy-associated Graves ophthalmopathy 5 months after adjuvant external irradiation of the head and neck in a euthyroid patient who had undergone wide local excision of squamous cell carcinoma from the floor of the mouth.

Prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease in chronic rhinitis

August 31, 2008     William R. Reisacher, MD, FACS, FAAOA
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Abstract

A retrospective, controlled study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease in 111 adult patients with allergic (77) and nonallergic (34) rhinitis seen in a private ENT/allergy practice in the lower Hudson Valley, New York. The control group consisted of 101 patients with no history of chronic rhinitis. Autoimmune thyroid disease was found in 10.4% of the allergic rhinitis group, 14.7% of the nonallergic rhinitis group, and 9.9% of controls, with a trend toward higher prevalence in the nonallergic rhinitis group compared with controls. No statistically significant association was noted between the 3 groups. The female-to-male ratio in the nonallergic rhinitis group was approximately twice as high as in the control group.

In vivo fluorescence of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid: A technology with potential to improve visualization of malignant tissue at surgical resection

July 31, 2008     Terence E. Johnson, MD, George A. Luiken, MD, Michael M. Quigley, MD, Mingxu Xu, MD, and Robert M. Hoffman, PhD
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Abstract

Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid requires aggressive treatment because of its potential to metastasize and because of the current limitations of preoperative localization and systemic therapy. If these tumors could be made to fluoresce in vivo with tagged fluorophore antibodies against tumor antigens, surgeons would be able obtain additional information in the operating room to facilitate a more complete resection. Based on the success of our previous work in breast and colon cancer models, we conducted an animal study of in vivo tumor fluorescence of a human medullary thyroid cell line in which bright tumor fluorescence is visible during dissection. To accomplish this, we used an inexpensive and commercially available handheld, blue (470 nm), light-emitting diode flashlight and filtered goggles (520 nm). This procedure, which we call the fluorescent antibody-assisted surgical technique (FAAST), is easy to perform, requires no complex or expensive technical equipment, and has the potential to be applied to a wide variety of tumors. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experiment of its kind to be reported in the literature.

Acute vocal fold hemorrhage after thyroplasty

July 31, 2008     Robert Eller, MD, Mary Hawkshaw, RN, BSN, CORLN, and Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA
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Recurrent thyroid carcinoma

March 31, 2008     Sofia Avitia, MD, Jason S. Hamilton, MD, and Ryan F. Osborne, MD, FACS
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Minimally invasive endoscopic thyroidectomy

February 1, 2008     Sofia Avitia, MD, Jason S. Hamilton, MD, and Ryan F. Osborne, MD, FACS
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Diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland (Graves' disease)

October 31, 2007     Lester D.R. Thompson, MD, FASCP
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Intratracheal ectopic thyroid: Case report and review

June 30, 2007     Bari Karakullukçu, MD; M. Güven Güvenç, MD; Harun Cansiz, MD; Fatih Öktem, MD; Büge Öz, MD
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Abstract
Intratracheal ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare abnormality that can cause airway obstruction. The symptoms can easily be confused with those of bronchial asthma. We describe the case of a 40-year-old man with subglottic thyroid tissue and multinodular goiter who had been misdiagnosed earlier with bronchial asthma. After the correct diagnosis was established, the lesion was excised via an external approach. We also discuss the clinical features and management of intratracheal thyroid tissue.

Hypothyroidism following hemithyroidectomy for benign nontoxic thyroid disease

April 30, 2007     Kristin A. Seiberling, MD; Jose C. Dutra, MD; Sanija Bajaramovic, MD
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Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma

April 30, 2007     Troy Hutchins, MD; Paul Friedlander, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR
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Parathyromatosis

January 1, 2007     Janette M. Carpenter, MSN, FNP; Peter G. Michaelson, MD; Thomas K. Lidner, MD; Michael L. Hinni, MD
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Columnar cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma

September 30, 2006     Chester P. Barton III, MD; Joseph A. Brennan, MD; Thomas R. Lowry, MD; Michael J. Russell, MD
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