Parotid

Oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the parotid gland: A case report and review of the literature

July 20, 2015     Deepali Jain, MD; Nabeen C. Nayak, MD
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Abstract

Oncocytic metaplasia rarely has been reported in mucoepidermoid carcinomas. Most salivary gland lesions with oncocytic change are benign; therefore, it is important to distinguish mucoepidermoid carcinoma from other entities that may show prominent oncocytic change. We report a rare case of oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a 65-year-old woman.

Intraductal infusion of steroids in patients with Sjogren syndrome to treat painful salivary swelling: Report of 2 cases

June 4, 2015     Henry R. Diggelmann, MD; Henry T. Hoffman, MD, MS, FACS
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Abstract

Painful salivary swelling in patients with Sjögren syndrome presents the clinician with a difficult-to-manage condition, and treatment options are limited. We report 2 cases that demonstrate the utility of a clinic-based intraductal corticosteroid infusion for the treatment of painful salivary swelling associated with Sjögren syndrome. Steroid infusion is a cost-effective, simple-to-perform, well-tolerated gland-sparing procedure that may yield good clinical results in selected patients.

Giant Stensen duct calculus

April 27, 2015     Wen-Sen Lai, MD; Jih-Chin Lee, MD; Yueng-Hsiang Chu, PhD; Ying-Nan Chang, MD
article

A sialolith in the anterior third of a Stensen duct usually can be extracted in a minimally invasive manner via trans-oral sialolithotomy to avoid the morbidity associated with a sialadenectomy.

A case of myoepithelioma mimicking a parotid cyst

January 19, 2015     Haldun Onuralp Kamburoglu, MD, FEBOPRAS; Aycan U. Kayikcioglu, MD; Cigdem Himmetoglu, MD
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Abstract

Myoepithelioma is an uncommon tumor of the myoepithelial cells that is considered to represent a distinct category of tumor by the World Health Organization. It accounts for less than 1% of all tumors that develop in the salivary glands. We describe the case of a 35-year-old woman who presented to us with a painless swelling on the right side of her face. She was diagnosed with a parotid gland cyst by ultrasonography and computed tomography. Following excision of the mass, however, the pathology report identified the tumor as a solid myoepithelioma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a myoepithelioma that exhibited cystic features on radiologic examination even though it had a solid architecture. We also discuss the preoperative diagnostic aspects of the myoepitheliomas.

Transoral approach to a deep-lobe parotid tumor

October 17, 2014     Lyndon Gonzalez, BS; Alex Fernandez, MS; Belinda Mantle, MD
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Because of their location in this potential space, parapharyngeal tumors tend to be asymptomatic and remain undetected for a long time.

Castleman disease of the parotid gland in a pediatric patient: A case report

October 17, 2014     Sudesh Kumar, MS, DNB; Rashid Al Abri, MD, FRCS; Nasreen Abdul Kadir, MD; Dilani Lokuhetty, MD
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Abstract

Castleman disease, also called angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by enlarged hyperplastic lymph nodes. Affected patients usually present with mediastinal lymphadenopathy; sometimes other groups of lymph nodes are involved, with or without associated systemic manifestations. We report a case of Castleman disease involving the intraparotid lymph node in a 15-year-old boy who presented with a 3-month history of a painless swelling of the right parotid gland. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the mass revealed only reactive hyperplasia. The diagnosis of Castleman disease was established on histopathologic examination of the resected mass. We discuss the clinical course, histopathologic features, radiologic characteristics, and management of Castleman disease of the parotid gland in a pediatric patient.

Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma

July 13, 2014     Rosemary Ojo, MD; Si Chen, MD; Liset Pelaez, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD
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All children with rhabdomyosarcoma require multimodality therapy to maximize local tumor control. This can involve different combinations of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.

Sebaceous carcinoma of the parotid gland: A case report and review of the literature

June 8, 2014     Alexander Manteghi, DO; Seth Zwillenberg, MD; Vivian Arguello-Guerra, MD
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Abstract

Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare malignancy primarily affecting the periocular sebaceous glands. Sebaceous carcinoma of the parotid gland is exceedingly rare, with only 30 cases reported in the literature. Our case brings this total to 31. We present a case involving a 57-year-old man with a slowly enlarging, right tail-of-parotid mass abutting the ear lobule with overlying skin discoloration. Excision of the mass with superficial parotidectomy was performed, and microscopic examination demonstrated sebaceous carcinoma with positive margins. Subsequently, the patient underwent a completion parotidectomy and inferior auriculectomy with no evidence of residual tumor. Six months after postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy, the patient remains tumor-free. The clinical and morphologic features of this tumor are discussed.

Massive pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: Surgical considerations

May 7, 2014     Alex Fernandez, MS; Ryan F. Osborne, MD, FACS; Jason S. Hamilton, MD, FACS
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Preservation of the facial nerve and its branches requires special consideration when dealing with a large parotid mass. The traditional approach of anterograde dissection of the facial nerve proves ineffective in patients with large lesions that effectively obstruct the field of view and origin of the nerve trunk

Accessory parotid malignancy requiring ductal transection

February 12, 2014     Avery Kaplan; Alex Fernandez, MS; and Ryan Osborne, MD, FACS
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While malignancies of the accessory parotid gland are rare, when they do occur they jeopardize ductal integrity.

Melioidosis of salivary glands with coexisting diabetes: Management of a difficult case

January 21, 2014     M. Panduranga Kamath, MS, DLO; Kiran Bhojwani, MS; Mahabala Chakrapani, MD; Katara P. Vidyalakshmi, MD; K.P. Vishnuprasad, MBBS
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Abstract

Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by the gram-negative bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei. Melioidosis is endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. An important risk factor for the development of melioidosis is the presence of diabetes mellitus, which may increase the relative risk of infection by as much as 100-fold. We report a rare case of melioidosis of the parotid and submandibular gland with coexisting diabetes. This was successfully managed conservatively with intravenous ceftazidime followed by trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and doxycycline.

Lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland, a very unusual tumor: Case report and review

September 18, 2013     Natarajan Anantharajan, MRCS, MCh; Nagamuttu Ravindranathan, FRCS, FDRCS; Pathmanathan Rajadurai, MBBS, FRCPA
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Abstract

Lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) of the parotid gland is rare. When it does occur, it is usually seen in Asians and Greenland Eskimos. An association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection has been documented. We report a case of EBV-associated LEC of the parotid gland in a 30-year-old Chinese woman. The patient underwent a total parotidectomy with preservation of the facial nerve, followed by postoperative radiotherapy. She recovered well without complications or recurrence. We present this case in view of the rarity of LEC, which has prevented extensive study of its clinical course, optimal treatment options, and overall prognosis.

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