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Facial Nerve

Neoplastic causes of nonacute facial paralysis: A review of 221 cases

September 19, 2016  |  John P. Leonetti, MD; Sam J. Marzo, MD; Douglas A. Anderson, MD; Joshua M. Sappington, MD


We conducted a retrospective review to assess the clinical presentation of patients with tumor-related nonacute complete peripheral facial weakness or an incomplete partial facial paresis and to provide an algorithm for the evaluation and management of these patients. Our study...

Improved visualization of a dehiscent facial nerve with otoendoscopy

April 30, 2016  |  James G. Naples, MD; John W. House, MD; Benjamin J. Wycherly, MD

In middle ear surgery, endoscopy is a valuable instrument for second-look procedures in cholesteatoma.

Facial nerve neurofibroma presenting with external auditory canal tumor and facial palsy

December 14, 2015  |  Yao-Ying Tseng, MD; Cheng-Chien Yang, MD; Chen-Chuan Li, MD; Min-Tsan Shu, MD

Facial nerve neurofibromas are benign and rare, and they generally present with facial palsy; however, hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo are also observed occasionally.

An imaging study of the facial nerve canal in congenital aural atresia

October 31, 2015  |  Shouqin Zhao, PhD; Demin Han, PhD; Zhenchang Wang, PhD; Jie Li, MD; Yanni Qian, MD; Yuanyuan Ren, MD; Jiyong Dong, MD


We conducted a prospective study to investigate the abnormalities of the facial nerve canal in patients with congenital aural atresia by computed tomography (CT). Our study population was made up of 99 patients-68 males and 31 females, aged 6 to 22 years (mean: 13.5)-who had...

Facial nerve paralysis: Smile reconstruction using the masseteric nerve

September 21, 2015  |  Moustafa Mourad, MD; Christopher Linstrom, MD; Grigoriy Mashkevich, MD

Reanimation methods range from static slings and nerve transfers to dynamic muscle techniques, such as regional temporalis and free gracilis transfer.

Mirror book therapy for the treatment of idiopathic facial palsy

September 18, 2014  |  Jodi Maron Barth, PT; Gincy L. Stezar, PTA; Gabriela C. Acierno, SPT; Thomas J. Kim, MD; Michael J. Reilly, MD


We conducted a retrospective chart review to determine the effectiveness of treating idiopathic facial palsy with mirror book therapy in conjunction with facial physical rehabilitation. We compared outcomes in 15 patients who underwent mirror book therapy in addition to...

Reinnervation of facial muscles with only a cross-facial nerve graft in a 25-year-old patient with congenital facial palsy

July 14, 2014  |  Kamal Seyed-Forootan, MD; Hamid Karimi, MD; Esmaiil Hasani, MD


The standard method for managing chronic facial palsy is the two-stage free-muscle flap. We report a case involving a 25-year-old patient who had facial palsy from her birth. Twelve months after the first stage of a cross-facial nerve graft, we found that the voluntary...

Facial nerve palsy associated with a cystic lesion of the temporal bone

March 19, 2014  |  Na Hyun Kim, MD; Seung-Ho Shin, MD


Facial nerve palsy results in the loss of facial expression and is most commonly caused by a benign, self-limiting inflammatory condition known as Bell palsy. However, there are other conditions that may cause facial paralysis, such as neoplastic conditions of the facial nerve...

Facial nerve preservation in total parotidectomy for parotid tumors: A review of 27 cases

June 12, 2013  |  Soliman El-Shakhs, MD; Yaser Khalil, MD; and Asmaa Gaber Abdou, MD


We conducted a study to evaluate the success of facial nerve preservation in 27 adults with a parotid tumor who underwent total parotidectomy. Of this group, 11 patients had a malignant tumor, 10 had a recurrent benign tumor, and 6 had a primary benign tumor. Preoperatively, 7...

Facial nerve sheath hematoma and paralysis after cochlear implant surgery

January 24, 2013  |  Christopher V. Lisi, MD; Tré Landrum, DO; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Facial nerve injury with resulting facial paralysis is perhaps the most feared complication of middle ear and mastoid surgery.

Huge middle ear adenoma with delayed facial nerve paralysis

June 4, 2012  |  Seung Ho Lee, MD; Hoseok Choi, MD, PhD; Young Chae Chu, MD; Young Hyo Kim, MD; Kyu-Sung Kim, MD, PhD


Middle ear adenoma is a rare disease that arises from the mucosa of the middle ear. Only a few cases of associated facial nerve paralysis have been reported. Facial nerve involvement is most likely related to nerve compression rather than tumor invasion of...

Otomastoiditis with acute left facial nerve paralysis caused by Mycobacterium chelonae

December 15, 2011  |  Kang-Chao Wu, MD, Min-Tsan Shu, MD, and Bo-Nien Chen, MD


Mycobacterium chelonae usually causes soft-tissue and skin infection. It is a rare cause of otomastoiditis. The clinical presentation and operative findings are similar to those of other nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. We describe a case of left-sided otomastoiditis...


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