Lipohyperplasia of the parathyroid glands

October 4, 2012
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Parathyroid lipohyperplasia is an extremely rare cause of hyperparathyroidism. According to a MEDLINE search, there have been only 9 previously reported cases of parathyroid lipohyperplasia in the English-language literature. We report a new case of parathyroid lipohyperplasia, with a brief discussion of this rare disease process.


Parathyroid hyperplasia is a cause of hyperparathyroidism defined as a proliferation of parenchymal cells leading to an increase in gland weight.1This increase in weight is a result (at least in part) of the glands’ high adipose tissue content. The two most common types of parathyroid hyperplasia are chief cell hyperplasia and water-clear cell hyperplasia. Only 9 cases of parathyroid lipohyperplasia previously have been reported in the English literature.2-4


Case report

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CitationEar Nose Throat J. 2012 October;91(10):441-443