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Esophageal perforation in a patient with diverticulum following anterior discectomy and fusion

| Reprints
October 24, 2013
by Aasif A. Kazi, PharmD; Nancy L. Solowski, MD; Gregory N. Postma, MD; Paul M. Weinberger, MD

 Most perforations are thought to result from esophageal retraction, direct injury during manipulation, hardware failure, or movement of cervical vertebral bodies during hyperextension.

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