It has been estimated that more than 50 million cases of dengue occur worldwide each year, mostly in the tropics. In light of recent cases appearing in central and southern Florida, dengue has reemerged as a public health issue in the United States with respect to infection control and prevention. We review the course of dengue infection and its clinical presentation from the perspective of the practicing otolaryngologist, and we outline tactics for prevention and management.
Dengue presents as an acute febrile illness. It is endemic in more than 100 countries, primarily in the tropics. The World Health Organization has estimated that more than 50 million cases of dengue occur worldwide each year.1 Recently, a number of cases of dengue appeared in central and southern Florida, prompting renewed attention on dengue as a public health issue with respect to infection control and prevention.