Acute respiratory distress in Pena-Shokeir syndrome

November 1, 2004
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Pena-Shokeir syndrome is a rare, autosomal-recessive disorder that usually affects newborns. Its etiology is poorly understood. Pena-Shokeir syndrome is defined by camptodactyly, multiple ankyloses, pulmonary hypoplasia, and various facial anomalies. These manifestations are usually severe, and death generally occurs at birth or shortly thereafter. We describe a case of Pena-Shokeir syndrome in a 9-year-old girl of above-normal intelligence who presented with life-threatening airway distress. To the best of our knowledge, she is the oldest living individual with Pena-Shokeir syndrome, and the only such patient whose intelligence was not impaired. We discuss the acute management and subsequent care of this patient, who not only survived, but maintained excellent grades in school.

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